A Stallion is a male horse that has not been castrated. Stallions can be fertile as young as one year olds but are generally not used for breeding until age two or three.

A Mare is a female horse. When she is two or three years of age, she can be bred, but a young mare of one year can become fertile, so it is not a good idea to have your youngsters sharing accommodations with a stallion.

A Foal is a young horse from birth to the time that they are weaned from their mothers.

A Filly is a female horse under three years of age.

A Colt is a male horse under three years of age.

A Weanling is a young horse that has been separated, or weaned, from its mother (usually around 4 months of age).

A Gelding is a male horse that has been castrated so that it cannot reproduce.

A Yearling is a foal that has had it's first birthday.

A Sire is the word used for the father of a horse.

A Dam is the word used for the mother of a horse.

A Pony is not a baby horse, nor is it a Miniature Horse. It is a Breed considerably taller than the Minis.

The Miniature horse is a height breed, measured in inches and must be under 34" at the withers. Other horse breeds are measured in hands. One hand being equal to 4".





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Marilyn & George Peters
Box 565
Steinbach,  Manitoba
R5G 1M4


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